Coalition to Reduce Nuclear Dangers
Accelerating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
World Information Service on Energy
Information on French and European plutonium plans, focusing specifically on reprocessing and the development and use of mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel.
Nautilus Institute: North Korea Renewable Energy Project
The US-DPRK Village Wind Power Pilot Project is the first attempt by a US non-governmental organization to work side-by-side with North Koreans in cooperative development. Previously, non-governmental organizations have been limited by both the American and the North Korean governments to delivering food aid to North Korea. The project is installing seven wind turbine towers in a rural village on the west coast of North Korea. The towers will provide clean, renewable energy to the village's medical clinic, kindergarten, and households. In addition to meeting urgent humanitarian needs, this pilot project will enable North Korea to demonstrate that it is willing to conform to international standards for development assistance. It is thus seen as a stepping stone from which North Korea can enter the international development community.
(Follow the link above to view a RealPlayer video clip from a South Korean TV broadcast.)
National Security Archive
Israel and the Bomb, October, 1998Avner Cohen
Until now, there has been no detailed account of Israel's nuclear history. Previous treatments of the subject relied heavily on rumors, leaks, and journalistic speculations. But with Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen has forged an interpretive political history that draws on thousands of American and Israeli government documents-most of them recently declassified and never before cited-and more than one hundred interviews with key individuals who played important roles in this story. Cohen reveals that Israel crossed the nuclear weapons threshold on the eve of the 1967 Six Day War, yet it continues to maintain an ambiguous posture with regard to its nuclear capability to this day.
The book focuses on a two-decade period from about 1950 until 1970, during which David Ben-Gurion's vision of making Israel a nuclear-weapon state was realized. Cohen weaves together the story of the formative years of Israel's nuclear program, from the founding of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission in 1952, to the alliance with France that gave Israel the nuclear technology it needed, to the failure of American intelligence to identify the Dimona Project for what it was in the late 1950s, to the negotiations between President Nixon and Prime Minister Meir that led to the current policy of nuclear opacity. Cohen also analyzes the complex forces that led Israel to conceal its nuclear program-from concerns over Arab reaction and the negative effect of the debate at home to consideration of America's commitment to nonproliferation.
Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies
Russian Strategic Nuclear Weapons, October, 1998Pavel Podvig (principal editor), Oleg Bukharin, Boris Zhelezov, Timur Kadyshev, Eugene Miasnikov, Igor Sutyagin and Maxim Tarasenko
In creating a new encyclopedia of Russian strategic nuclear forces, the authors of Strategic Nuclear Armaments of Russia present the public with a vast amount of new, useful and interesting data. In a single volume, book editor Pavel Podvig of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and his colleagues have included detailed examinations of Russian/Soviet nuclear history along with current assessments of the nuclear chain of command, warhead production, training, and the nuclear weapons infrastructure. At a time of intense political and economic pressure on the Russian military to maintain a secure and modern arsenal, the new book provides a critical baseline of information for public and policy makers alike.
Atomic Audit, True Costs of Being a Nuclear Weapons State, June 1998Stephen I. Schwartz, Editor
Based on four years of extensive research, Atomic Audit is the first book to document the comprehensive costs of U.S. nuclear weapons, assembling for the first time anywhere the actual and estimated expenditures for the program since its creation in 1940. The authors provide a unique perspective on U.S. nuclear policy and nuclear weapons, tracking their development from the Manhattan Project of World War II to the present day and assessing each aspect of the program, including research, development, testing, and production; deployment; command, control, communications, and intelligence; and defensive measures. They also examine the costs of dismantling nuclear weapons, the management and disposal of large quantities of toxic and radioactive wastes left over from their production, compensation for persons harmed by nuclear weapons activities, nuclear secrecy, and the economic implications of nuclear deterrence.
Resources For the Future Nuclear Weapons Stewardship
Long Term Stewardship and the Nuclear Weapons Complex: The Challenge Ahead, June 1998by Katherine N. Probst and Michael H. McGovern
A report on issues involved in the long term maintenance of nuclear weapons production facilities in the United States.
Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories China Energy Efficiency Information Bulletin
China Energy Efficiency Information Bulletin: Volume 4, No. 5, June 1998
Natural Resources Defence Council Technical Reports Website.Recent additions include:
TAKING STOCK: Worldwide Nuclear Deployments 1998An in-depth report on the sizes and locations of the nuclear arsenals of the U.S., Russia, Britain, France and China. April, 1998.
EXPLOSIVE ALLIANCES: Nuclear Weapons Simulation Research at American UniversitiesA report on the awarding of U.S. nuclear weapons program research contracts to universities by the Department of Energy. April, 1998
The Nuclear Policy Review Project is directed by Morton H. Halperin, Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and former Defense Department and National Security Council official. The Council on Foreign Relations takes no institutional position on the issue. The core recommendation of this project is that the government, led by the White House, needs to conduct a fundamental review of U.S. nuclear policy that reconsiders the conclusions of the Defense Department's 1993 Nuclear Posture Review. March, 1998.
Transcript of the third electronic conference, "The Future of the Conference on Disarmament" January 12-23, 1998.
Transcript of the second electronic conference, "Deterring the Chemical and Biological Weapons Threat: What Role for Nuclear Weapons?" October 20-31, 1997.
Transcript of the first Electronic Conference on the Utility of Nuclear Weapons June 23, 1997.
Paul Leventhal and Alan Kuperman's op-ed on the commerce in Russian bomb-grade uranium and its potential to increase the threat of nuclear terrorism.
"A Three-Nation Nuclear End Run." Paul Leventhal and Alan Kuperman op-ed, New York Times, June 6, 1996, International Herald Tribune, June 8-9, 1996.
"Nuclear Disarmament:With What End in View?" Harald Müller, Alexander Kelle, Katja Frank, Sylvia Meier, and Annette Schape.Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Reports, No. 46 December 1996.
This briefing book by Peter Gray deals with but one aspect of the larger security equation as the United States enters the next century--the reduction and eventual elimination of nuclear arsenals. The end states discussed outline current thinking on how this goal might be met.