Why is it
Having tested nuclear weapons, India and Pakistan could now move in the direction of actively deployed, unstable, and costly nuclear arsenals.
The evolution of India and Pakistan into nuclear states raises the stakes in the conflict between them, and undermines the nuclear nonproliferation regime.
What needs to
India and Pakistan need to replace threatening rhetoric on nuclear weapons with more reassuring rhetoric and undertake real dialogue, including on Kashmir.
China needs to settle its border disputes with India and use its influence with Pakistan to promote peaceful resolution of conflict with India.
Leading countries in the nonproliferation regime need to look hard at the questions raised by India's and Pakistan's possession of nuclear weapons.
Who is working on it?
Regional Centre for Strategic Studies
Henry L. Stimson Center